Fungus between the toes is a disease that belongs to the group of mycoses. It tends to spread rapidly to other areas. Infection occurs during contact with fungal spores, for example, when wearing someone else’s shoes while walking barefoot in a public pool.
A fungal infection always starts only in one limb. If itching and burning are present between the toes of both feet, and it all started at the same time, then the cause should be sought in another plan.
The most common symptoms include mucous oscillation between the fingers, inflammation and slight swelling. In advanced cases, skin hyperemia, leakage, cracking, an unpleasant odor from the limbs.
Consider what causes fungus between the fingers, treatment with medications that are inexpensive but effective, and alternative methods of medicine.
How is the fungus infected?
Foot fungus is a contagious disease. The infection occurs due to the wearing of someone else's shoes of a sick person, in the pedicure offices, where they do not monitor the proper processing of the instruments. You can become infected in a shower, bath or public pool, as mentioned earlier.
The infectious process takes place after the penetration of fungal spores into the structure of the nail plate. The fungus begins to progress rapidly, forming tunnels and passages, which leads to external changes in the nails.
Very often, the transmission of fungi is observed within the same family, which is associated with a high rate of disease transmission. Spores are transmitted through items such as laundry, carpets, gloves, etc.
Public places where sanitary and hygienic rules are not observed can be a breeding ground not only for fungal infections, but also for other diseases. Humidity and heat are favorable conditions for the development of pathogenic microorganisms.
With a history of provocative factors, infection with a fungal infection occurs much faster and easier when compared to people who do not have them.
The following factors contribute to fungal activity:
- Long-term use of glucocorticosteroid and antibacterial drugs;
- Circulatory system pathology;
- Diabetes mellitus of any kind;
- Non-observance of hygiene rules;
- Hyperhidrosis of the lower extremities;
- Tight or poor quality shoes;
- A significant decrease in immunity;
- VSD, VRV;
- Violations of skin integrity;
- Trauma (especially of chronic nature).
In the absence of proper treatment, the fungus begins to thrive. "Moves" from the interdigital space to other areas of the skin, the nails.
Other reasons for the activity of a fungal infection include dermatological diseases - eczema, psoriasis and metabolic disorders, old age.
Symptoms of a fungal infection
Itching between the toes is a clear symptom of a fungal disease. But it does not manifest in all people, it varies in severity. Some patients complain of severe itching, which does not allow sleep, while others practically do not notice it.
In the initial stage, slight itching and irritation in the interdigital area of the feet may be the only symptoms. In a short time, they are complemented by skin peeling. It was as if they had sprinkled flour between their fingers.
Further, more pronounced symptoms appear. On the skin, hyperemia, peeling is more pronounced, sometimes there are vesicular neoplasms (as small growths). The picture is accompanied by itching and burning. If nothing is done, then diaper rash occurs, the feet start to pus and sweat a lot.
When the fungus spreads to other areas of the skin, this is manifested by exfoliation of the skin, the sole of the foot becomes denser. When the nail is damaged, its color changes, it becomes too thin or thick, peeling is observed.
In an advanced stage, the symptoms are as follows:
- Stratification of the epidermis occurs.
- The skin begins to crack strongly, which is quite painful.
- Sweating of the extremities increases.
- Vesicles with purulent contents appear.
- The skin does not stop itching.
The appearance of any of the symptoms described should be alarming. Fungi are very difficult to treat, therefore, the earlier treatment is started, the more favorable the prognosis.
Forms and types of disease
Fungal disease is a consequence of the activity of three types of fungi. In particular, dermatophytes, yeast (like yeast) and mold. The latter "love" heat and humidity, and yeast-like fungi affect both the skin and the nail plate.
In most clinical pictures, mycosis develops due to dermatophytes. Mostly the little finger or thumb is affected.
Depending on the severity of the clinic and the forms of manifestation, the disease can appear in the following forms:
- Deleted. In this case, a light peel is noticed, itching strongly between the fingers, the skin is removed, it may crack. Excessive dryness of the skin of the extremities is noticed.
- Against the background of the dihydrotic form, bubbles appear. They are filled with exudates and explode over time.
- Squamous-hyperkeratotic form. Symptoms include hyperemia, the appearance of seals. A white plaque appears at the site of the finger folds. There is severe itching.
- Intertriginous form. With this type of fungal infection, the skin under the fingers suffers, and the interdigital area becomes inflamed and red.
Treatment of interdigital foot fungus is prescribed after identification of the specific causative agent of the disease. The process is long and costly.
Characteristics of mycosis treatment
Regardless of the type, form, clinic, and severity of the disease, treatment is necessary. Therapy is prescribed by a dermatologist. It takes a relatively long time - from a few months or longer.
They prefer to fight a fungal infection in a complex way. Antifungal drugs are used. In the presence of pustular neoplasms, antibacterial treatment is recommended.
After making the diagnosis, you should undergo the processing of your personal belongings. Shoes are treated with specialized tools, such as clothing.
But with a washing cloth, slippers and other similar items, it is better to separate.
Principles of treatment for pregnant women and children
Getting rid of the fungus is more difficult during pregnancy. The fact is, antifungal pills are contraindicated in pregnant women. Therefore, doctors use local medicines, for example, they prescribe oils for fungus on the feet between the toes. They should be used with caution, strictly follow the doctor's recommendations.
During pregnancy, folk remedies are good. Take a foot bath with antifungal ingredients and lotions. It is better to discuss unconventional methods with a dermatologist in order to avoid negative consequences.
Treatment of interdigital foot fungus in children has its own characteristics. Antifungal medications are prohibited for children under 2 years of age. It is difficult to cure a child because an adult realizes that, for example, a bath is needed for healing, and this cannot be explained to a 3-4 year old child.
The treatment regimen for children is designed individually. The list of appointments depends on the type of pathogen, symptoms, area of the lesion, age and weight of the baby.
Pharmacy remedies against interdigital fungi
Traditional medicine recognizes many effective medicines to help destroy fungi. They can be bought at the pharmacy, sold without a doctor's prescription. Release forms - gels, oils, creams, tablets, balms.
Treatment with folk remedies at home
Alternative therapy can be attributed to an adjunctive method. No folk remedy will help destroy the fungus. However, they speed up healing. So before using antifungal medication, it is recommended to treat the affected area with hydrogen peroxide.
Some people use Novocaine for treatment. Whether this is justified or not with interdigital mushrooms is hard to say. If the fungus has infected the nail plates, then the remedy will help - used in the form of lotions, applied 1-2 times a day. The duration of the manipulation is 1 hour.
For symptomatic therapy, essential oils of tea tree, lemon, celandine, cloves and cinnamon are used. They relieve pain syndrome, soothe the skin, neutralize itching and burning. Moisturize the skin and promote healing. They do not destroy fungi, but they inhibit activity.
Methods for non-traditional treatment of fungi:
- The salt bath has a detrimental effect on fungal microorganisms. For cooking, add 15 g of common salt to warm water. Immerse the limbs in the container. The procedure takes 15 minutes. The feet after manipulation are not washed with soap, simply rinsed with warm water.
- A bath with the addition of wine vinegar. A good folk remedy. It is necessary to pour 100 ml of vinegar in a liter of warm water. Lower limbs. Hold for 15-20 minutes. After the procedure, the affected area is smeared with iodine. If there are cracks, it is better not to do this, it will hurt.
- Celandine-based shower. Two tablespoons of dried ingredients are poured into 500 ml of hot water. Insist half an hour. Add a small amount of plain water to the infusion, lower the legs into a container. Time - up to half an hour. Repeat once a day for a month.
- Onion juice is used to lubricate the affected area with a fungus. If there is no leakage, the skin is intact, then you can make a lotion half an hour. It is necessary to place the onion particle on a clean cloth, place it between the fingers. The procedure can be repeated every other day.
- Iodine bath. A few drops of iodine are added to the water bath. Hold the legs for 15 minutes. After manipulating the water, the feet are wiped dry. Apply antifungal cream.
- Pour 25 g of wormwood powder in 500 ml of hot water. Insist 2 hours. Rub the solution between your fingers or soak for 15 minutes. Treatment for 1 week or longer.
When treating a fungus, you must adhere to the rules of prevention. This is the only way to get rid of the infectious disease and prevent the secondary infection.