A modern person is subject to physical inactivity, the impact of a polluted atmosphere and the use of dozens of harmful food additives does not add to health. Therefore, his immune system weakens and becomes more prone to infections that wait at every step. More than 20% of the world's population are infected with dermatomycosis, or fungal infections. The feet are particularly affected. Medicine successfully copes with the treatment of such a disease, but due to some circumstances, many people prefer to cure themselves. Consider how and how to treat foot fungus at home.
Varieties of foot fungus infection
The appearance of a fungus on the foot is an infection of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) of the interdigital area of the feet and nail plates, with the possible spread of microscopic fungi further along the body. Loss can be caused by:
- yeast mushrooms;
But in general, this disease is called dermatomycosis.
The obvious signs of a fungus depend on the type that causes it. Types of mycoses:
- Onychomycosis - with this disease, nail plates are affected and it continues in different ways. In the first case, the toenails change color, break down and thicken. With atrophy, the nail plate is completely destroyed, and the skin beneath it hardens.
- With scaly mycosis, the skin becomes red and begins to itch, peeling occurs, the condition turns into painful itching.
- The dihydrotic form of the fungus is characterized by the formation of water bubbles up to 5 mm in diameter, which, gradually merging with each other, form ulcers.
- Intriguing mycosis is the most common type of fungus that occurs in the form of cracks in the skin between the fingers, often closer to the little finger. It is characterized by severe itching.
What are the causes of foot fungus?
- Many healthy people try to stay in shape. They visit fitness clubs, beaches, swimming pools and saunas, where fungal organisms multiply rapidly in a warm environment. Insects in these public places where fungal infections usually occur.
- When the family uses ordinary household shoes, towels, swimwear and showers, as well as hygiene products. A fungus carrier can infect an entire family.
- Weakened immunity contributes to the spread of foot fungus in older people. Statistics say that men are more likely to be infected by a fungus.
- Indiscriminate use of drugs (glucocorticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antibacterials, cytostatic drugs) is also the cause of the risk of developing fungal infections of the feet.
- Fungal infection of the foot is possible due to occupational factors. The infection is more likely to affect mining workers, people involved in the metallurgical industry, the military, as well as personnel serving in baths, saunas and sports complexes.
- Human lifestyle and the presence of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, vascular and somatic diseases, endocrine disorders (especially excessive sweating), osteoarthritis, overweight.
- Incisions and microcracks in the skin, corns and calluses on the legs, hallux valgus.
- Unfavorable ecological situation.
Foot fungus usually develops in several periods:
- The incubation phase depends on the state of the human immune system. The stronger it is, the later the signs of foot mycosis will appear.
- The period after the incubation period is characterized by redness of the skin, the appearance of itching and microcracks. Swelling of the feet is sometimes observed. At this stage, the development of the infection can be stopped by simple, even folk remedies.
- In the third stage, the disease turns into a more dangerous form: the skin peels off, large lesions form, the skin gradually begins to exfoliate. The cracks deepen, giving tangible pain. The nail plates are deformed. Starting from this period, the treatment will be complex and prolonged.
- The chronic form of mycosis is fraught with frequent relapses and can last for several years. If the fungus starts to such an extent, you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid the irreparable consequences of the disease.
How to cure foot fungus at home
Only after carrying out qualified diagnosis (scratches, species research, microscopy), a specialist can prescribe effective means to combat foot fungus. In addition to antifungal drug therapy, folk remedies can also be used.
There are many ways to get rid of foot fungus at home. Their advantage is a bargain price and a minimum of contraindications. But even harmless folk remedies should be used in combination with essential medicines in consultation with the doctor.
The most effective antifungal agents
There are a number of dosage forms for fungi in the form of tablets, suppositories, creams, oils and suspensions, sprays and lotions with fungicidal properties that prevent the growth of bacteria. These funds are able to quickly remove the fungus from the affected skin if the disease is in its initial stage.
Usually, in the complex treatment of foot mycoses, the following tools are used:
- foot fungus tablets;
- antifungal ointment, which is applied 2 times a day to sore spots.
In addition to drug therapy, there is an innovative method for treating fungus - a hardware method that quickly eliminates the symptoms of mycosis in sore spots, but does not guarantee that there will be no recurrences.
In addition to the main therapy, the treatment of foot fungus with folk remedies is used. There are many methods on how to deal with such a problem at home: these are all kinds of baths, compresses and anti-fungal masks based on natural substances.
Among them, the most effective for the treatment of mycoses are the following:
- A solution of potassium permanganate. It is recommended to steam the feet in a warm bath before going to bed, then wrap them in gauze soaked in such a solution and leave them overnight.
- Baths with sea salt content at the rate of 1. 5 tbsp. l per liter of water.
- Copper sulfate. With it, you can cope with foot fungus like this: fry 1 tbsp. of this substance in a pan until white, then mix with the same amount of yellow sulfur and goose fat. Mix the ingredients thoroughly and place the resulting standing oil in a warm form in a thin layer. Wash after 40 minutes.
- Applying vinegar to get rid of the fungus is the fastest way to get rid of the problem. Among its types (apple, wine), the most effective is plain 9% vinegar, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 8, used as a slightly warm bath 4-5 times a day for 2-3 days.
- This will help to cope with foot fungus and soda fluid. Apply to the affected areas of the feet and hold for 20 minutes, then wash off. You can also mix baking soda and salt and apply in a similar way on your feet.
- A foot compress with a peroxide solution will help cure the fungus. To do this, you must first steam your feet in a warm water bath. Then prepare a solution of 1 liter of water with 1 tablespoon. soda and 2 tbsp. lperoxide, soak gauze and wrap the feet with it. Soak for an hour, then rinse.
- Onion recipes will help to cope with the problem. Grind 2 large onions on a coarse grater, squeeze the juice from the resulting particle, place on foot. Wait until it is absorbed, put on socks and leave on overnight, and in the morning rinse your feet. Similarly, it acts on the fungus and garlic juice.
- Effectively use celandine from the fungus. Its juice (5 drops) is mixed with half a teaspoon of calendula alcohol solution and 5 drops of oregano juice, as well as a teaspoon of water. The resulting mixture is used to treat the affected areas of the feet without rinsing.
Rules of care and hygiene
Using medicated compresses and foot baths for fungus at home along with prescribed medications, you can get rid of it very quickly. Also, special care should be applied to the feet in order to maintain the condition of the skin during this period, and also to promote healing.
Before treating the affected areas of the feet and nails with a fungal infection, put disposable gloves on the hands.
Shoes should be treated with special agents (vinegar and mustard powder are also suitable). If possible, it should be replaced with products made from natural materials. After each outfit, shoes should be placed on the balcony for ventilation. If it gets wet, make sure to dry it completely, change the layers more often.
During the period of fungal disease, you should not visit the pool, saunas, beaches, use someone else's shoes, slippers, towels, so as not to infect other family members with the fungus. After healing, it is advisable to get rid of old socks and replace the beds in shoes, as well as treat them with vinegar. This also applies to rubber carpets in the bathroom. This is done to kill fungal spores that can reappear or infect other people’s feet.
Prevention of relapse and re-infection
To avoid re-infecting the feet with a fungal infection and get rid of it permanently, special attention should be paid to foot hygiene. To do this, you need to remember a few simple rules:
- wear only your shoes and clothes;
- choose shoes made of natural materials;
- do not allow the feet to evaporate into the shoes;
- wash your feet regularly, preferably in the morning, before going to bed and after coming off the road;
- monitor shoes: dry them from the inside, treat them periodically with special deodorants;
- maintain immunity.
The feet require regular care and attention. Any foot discomfort and external changes in their area should be a reason to visit a specialist.